W W ee

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Welcome students, I look forward to working with you this semester, check this site frequently for updates and assignments.

~  JON ~
IST 331


Instructional Design

~ IST 331~

Week 3

Basic Instructional Design:

The most common practiced Instructional Design model is known as the ADDIE model (Analyze Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation)

  • Analyze Phase (Needs Analysis)
    • 6 main steps
      • introduce problem defined in the objective
      • Explain methodology
      • Include data from research
      • State conclusion from findings
      • State planned responce to needs
      • List anticipated date for review of the problem
    • Writing an Objective
      • Terms:
        • Objective - is a specific intended outcome
        • Goal - is generalized outcome
        • Outcome - is the actual achived results
      • example of a poor objective statement:
        • “Students will be able to develop systems with the user in mind"
      • example of a better objective statement
        • “ Students will be able to develop technology systems using the ‘ADDIE model’ while building human centric system models"
      • example of best objective statement
        • “Students will be able to recognize, articulate, and develop technology systems utilizing the foundational assumptions and central ideas explained in the course, while focusing on the human element and utilization of the ADDIE model"
      • Types of Objectives:
      • Cognitive Objective
        • "what do you want people to know?"
      • Affective Objective
        • "what do you want people to think and care about?"
      • Behavioral Objective
        • "what do you want people to be able to do?"
    • Objective - Needs analysis
      • Analysis of current system (if one is in place)
        • Identify strenghts and weakness
      • An introduction to the needs analysis
        • explain how the potential need was identified
        • explain the impact that the presence of the need had on the business, school or community
    • The Needs Analysis
      • Introduce the problem by explaining the need that was initially identified in objective
        • A need is any area of weakness in which improvement is needed.
        • In a business, a need could be a weak point within the business infrastructure.
        • In the educational spectrum, a need is often an area in which students are achieving below par.
      • Explain the methodology used to arrive at this assesment.
        • To prove that a need is actually a problem, it is necessary to engage in testing.
        • Explain the testing that you used to determine that the need is actually a problem impacting individuals within the community, business or school.
        • Explaining this in detail allows readers to judge the validity of your findings.
        • Clearly explain the procedure you undertook to gather your information and reach your stated conclusions.
      • Include data in charts and graphs if possible.
        • If you used data to reach your conclusion, include this data within the report.
        • Create an easy-to-read chart in which to list your data.
        • create bar or pie graphs to assist individuals who are viewing the data in identifying means and patterns.
      • State your conclusions.
        • Explain what you have concluded as a result of the study.
        • Elaborate on why you reached that particular conclusion so readers can understand the thought process that went into the development of that conclusion.
      • Explain your plans to respond to the need.
        • List, in detail, any steps that you plan to take to correct areas of weakness.
        • provide cursory information on any groups that may need to be organized or any funds that will need to be allocated to fix the problem

  • Design Phase
    • A systematic process of specifying learning objectives.
    • Detailed storyboards and prototypes are often made
    • the look and feel, graphic design, user-interface and content is determined here.
  • Development Phase
    • The actual creation (production) of the content and learning materials based on the Design phase and Needs Analysis Phase.
  • Implementation Phase
    • During implementation, the plan is put into action and a procedure for training the learner and teacher is developed.
    • Formative Evaluations should be made through out this process.
    • Materials are delivered or distributed to the student group.
    • After delivery, the effectiveness of the training materials is evaluated.
  • Evaluation Phase
    • Formative evaluation
      • Is the process of collecting data to evaluate teaching and learning
      • It is aimed at course evaluation rather then the assignment of grades
        • Users provide feedback while in the process of learning
      • Formative evaluation is present in each stage of the ADDIE process
      • Examples (short answer):
        • What was the most important point you learned today?
        • What still remains unclear from today's lesson?
        • How confident are you that you can perform ... ? (said task or lesson)
        • Summarize a concept from the days lesson.
    • Summative evaluation
      • Should be implemented at the end of instruction
      • Provides information on the product's efficacy
        • Did the system do what it was designed to do?
        • Did the learners learn what they were supposed to learn after using the instructional module?
      • Can consists of tests designed for criterion-related referenced items
      • Should provide opportunities for feedback from the users. 
    • Revisions are made as necessary