~ ~

Welcome students, I look forward to working with you this semester, check this site frequently for updates and assignments.

~  JON ~

Chapter 1 Notes

Chapter 2 Notes
Chapter 2 Notes/Images

Chapter 3 Notes
Chapter 4 Notes
Chapter 5 Notes
Chapter 6 Notes
Chapter 7 Notes
Chapter 8 Notes
Chapter 9 Notes
Port Identification

~ IST ~

Chapter 4

A)     Application vs. system software

a.       Software - A set of instructions that tells the computer what to do

                                                                        i.      System Software

1.       The software the communicates with the hard ware to make it work

2.       Mainly the operating systems such as:

a.       WINDOWS XP


c.       WINDOWS 98

d.      MAC OS X

                                                                      ii.      Application Software - Programs used to complete tasks

1.       Productivity software

a.       Word processing programs

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used to create and edit written documents

1.       Quick and easy editing

2.       Variety of formatting options

3.       Graphics

4.       Templates

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Examples

1.       Corel WordPerfect

2.       Microsoft Word

b.      Spreadsheet programs

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used to perform calculations and numerical analyses

1.       Worksheets with cells

2.       Values, formulas, and functions

3.       Automatic recalculation

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Example

1.       Microsoft Excel

c.       Presentation programs

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used to create slide shows

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Example

1.       Microsoft PowerPoint

d.      Database programs

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used as a complex electronic filing system

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Ability to group, sort, and retrieve data and generate reports

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Organized into fields, records, and tables

                                                                                                                                            iv.      Examples

1.       Microsoft Access

e.      Personal information manager programs (PIM)

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used to replace the management tools found on
a traditional desk

1.       Calendar, address book, notepad, to-do list

2.       Some contain e-mail management features

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Examples

1.       Microsoft Outlook

f.        Productivity software tools

                                                                                                                                                i.      Wizards

1.       Step-by-step guides to help you complete a task

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Templates

1.       redesigned forms included with software

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Macros

1.       Small programs that group a series of commands to run as a single command

2.       Specialty software

3.       Personal finance software

a.       Used to for tax preparation, financial planning, and personal accounting

b.      Examples

                                                                                                                                                i.      TurboTax and H&R Block’s TaxCut

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Intuit’s Quicken and Microsoft Money

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Intuit’s QuickBooks and
Peachtree Accounting

4.       Graphics and Multimedia software

a.       Image Editing

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used to edit photographs and other images

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Also called photo-editing software

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Features include

1.       Tools for basic modifications to digital images

2.       Painting tools that allow you to create images

                                                                                                                                            iv.      Example: Adobe Photoshop

b.      Media Management software

                                                                                                                                                i.      Software to organize media files

                                                                                                                                              ii.      sort, filter, and search by artist, album, or category

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Example: Windows Media Player

1.       Manage individual tracks, generate playlists

2.       Burn songs to CD

3.       Sync with MP3 player

4.       Rip music from CD

5.       Common formats:

a.       .Mp3 – Mepeg 3 (smaller compressed)

b.      .wav – Wave (no compression)

c.       .wmv – Windows Media Viewer (for Windows media player only)

c.       Desktop Publishing

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used to arrange text and graphics for publications

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Features include

1.       Text formatting

2.       File importing

3.       Graphics tools

4.       Web publishing

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Example: Adobe In design , QuarkXPress

d.      Drawing/illustration

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used to create and edit

1.       Two-dimensional drawings

2.       Technical diagrams

3.       Animations

4.       Geometric shapes

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Also referred to as illustration software

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Examples:  Adobe Illustrator

e.      Computer aided design software

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used to create 3-D automated designs, technical drawings, and model visualizations

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Industrial use includes

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Architecture

                                                                                                                                            iv.      Automotive

                                                                                                                                              v.      Aerospace

                                                                                                                                            vi.      Medical engineering

f.        Video editing software

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used to edit digital videos

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Features include

1.       Special effects, Transitions, Narration/voiceover, Overlays

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Examples: Adobe Premiere, Microsoft Movie Maker

g.       Web design software

                                                                                                                                                i.      Used to design Web pages: knowing HTML is not necessary

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Features include

1.       Visual Editing, HTML coding, preview features.

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Example: Microsoft FrontPage, Macromedia Dreamweaver

5.       Entertainment software

a.       Designed to provide users with entertainment

b.      Categories include

                                                                                                                                                i.      Action and Adventure, Driving, Puzzles and strategy, Role-playing, Card-playing, Simulation , Virtual reality

6.       Educational Software

a.       Provides instruction or training

b.      Types include

                                                                                                                                                i.      K-12 education

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Skills

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Test preparation

                                                                                                                                            iv.      Course management

7.       Reference Software

a.       Sources of reference

b.      Types include

                                                                                                                                                i.      Atlases, dictionaries, thesauri, encyclopedias

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Medical and legal references

8.       Course Management  software

a.       Used for Web-based classes

b.      Features include

                                                                                                                                                i.      Calendars

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Grade books

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Discussion boards

c.       Examples

                                                                                                                                                i.      WebCT

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Blackboard

                                                                                                                                             iii.      MyITlab.com

9.       General Business Software

a.       Used across a variety of industries

                                                                                                                                                i.      Business and marketing plan software

                                                                                                                                              ii.      Project management software

                                                                                                                                             iii.      Mapping programs

                                                                                                                                            iv.      Customer relationship management (CRM) software

                                                                                                                                              v.      Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems


10.   Specialized Business Software

a.       Tailored to the needs of a particular company or industry

b.      Called vertical market software

c.       Proprietary software

                                                                                                                                                i.      Programs custom developed to address the specific needs of a particular company

                                                                                                                                              ii.      The software is then owned by that company

B)      Integrated software Vs Software Suites

a.       Integrated Applications

                                                                        i.      Single program that incorporates many software programs

                                                                      ii.      Complex features are not included

                                                                     iii.      Example: Microsoft Works

b.      Software Suites

                                                                        i.      Collection of stand-alone software programs packaged together

C)      Getting help with software

a.       Types of help

                                                                        i.      Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

                                                                      ii.      Online help and support

                                                                     iii.      ScreenTips

                                                                    iv.      MS Office Integrated Help

D)     Acquiring software

a.       Buying

                                                                        i.      Software may be purchased through

1.       Retail stores

2.       Online

3.       Computer shows

4.       Catalogs

5.       Student discounted software


b.      Preinstalled software

c.       Web-based application software

                                                                        i.      hosted on a Web site

                                                                      ii.      requires no installation on your computer

d.      Freeware: Copyrighted software you can get for free

e.      Beta versions: Programs that are still under development

f.        Shareware: Software that allows users to run it for a limited time free of charge

g.       Open source: free to use


E)      Software Versions

a.       Numbers used to represent major and minor upgrades

                                                                        i.      Major upgrade – Version 2.0

                                                                      ii.      Minor upgrade – Version 2.1


F)      Installing and uninstalling software

a.       System Requirements

                                                                        i.      Minimum standards for the operating system, RAM, and hard drive capacity

b.      Installing software

                                                                        i.      Installation wizard

                                                                      ii.      Automatic

                                                                     iii.      Control Panel: Add/Remove Software

                                                                    iv.      Full/custom installation

c.       Uninstalling software

                                                                        i.      Software uninstall program

                                                                      ii.      Control Panel: Add/Remove Software

                                                                     iii.      Do not delete

d.      Opening software

                                                                        i.      Start menu

                                                                      ii.      Quick Launch toolbar

                                                                     iii.      Desktop shortcut

                                                                    iv.      My Computer/Windows Explorer